Obama: economia, lavoro e obiettivi condivisi da tutti (guarda il video)

26 Gennaio 2011, di Redazione Wall Street Italia

Creare nuovi posti di lavoro, ridurre il deficit fiscale e aggredire il debito, stimolare la crescita economica: nel suo primo discorso sullo stato dell’Unione davanti a un Congresso tornato, in parte, sotto il controllo repubblicano, Barack Obama, traccia la sua “road map” con un occhio puntato alla rielezione, nel 2012.

Il discorso annuale di Capitol Hill – in cui il presidente americano si concentra sui temi economici – offre un’occasione per fare il punto su dove va l’America. Come dimostrano i sondaggi, l’economia e la disoccupazione (giunta al 9,4%) sono le principali preoccupazioni degli americani e dunque saranno i temi sui cui, nei 21 mesi avvenire, si giocherà la rielezione presidenziale.

Responsabilità condivisa. Il presidente lancia un appello bipartisan: con i loro voti gli americani hanno determinato “che ci vorrà una responsabilità condivisa” tra democratici e repubblicani per rispondere alle sfide del futuro. Democratici e repubblicani devono agire insieme: “In gioco non c’è chi vincerà le prossime elezioni. In gioco ci sono la possibilità o meno che posti di lavoro e industrie si radichino nel nostro paese”. Anche perché “a due anni dalla peggiore recessione che abbiamo conosciuto, l’economia è tornata a crescere”. “Le nuove leggi – aggiunge Obama – passeranno soltanto con l’appoggio dei democratici e dei repubblicani. Andremo avanti insieme, o non andremo avanti per niente, per le sfide che sono più grandi dei partiti e più grandi della politica”.

Il “momento Sputnik”. “E’ giunto il momento Sputnik per la nostra generazione”, dice Obama, riferendosi agli sforzi che gli Usa devono fare per tornare ad essere i primi, come quando superarono i sovietici nella corsa alla spazio dopo avere perso la prima battuta.

L’economia è tornata a crescere. “A due anni di distanza dalla peggiore recessione che molti di noi hanno sperimentato, la Borsa è tornata a salire, i profitti delle aziende ad aumentare. L’economia è tornata a crescere”, precisa Obama, mettendo in evidenza come gli Stati Uniti “non hanno mai misurato i progressi solo tenendo conto di questi parametri. Noi misuriamo i progressi con il successo della nostra gente, con i posti di lavoro che si possono trovare e con la qualità della vita che questi posti offrono. Con le prospettive dei titolari di piccole e medie imprese, che sognano di trasformare una buona idea in un’azienda di successo, con le opportunità che offriamo ai nostri figli. Questo è il progetto – aggiunge il capo della Casa Bianca rivolgendosi ai repubblicani – sul quale gli americani vogliono che lavoriamo. Insieme”.

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PUBBLICHIAMO IL TESTO INTEGRALE DEL DISCORSO SULLO STATO DELL’UNIONE TENUTO IERI NOTTE DAVANTI AL CONGRESSO USA A CAMERE RIUNITE DAL PRESIDENTE DEGLI STATI UNITI BARACK OBAMA.

Mr. Speaker, Mr. Vice President, Members of Congress, distinguished guests, and fellow Americans:

Tonight I want to begin by congratulating the men and women of the

112th Congress, as well as your new Speaker, John Boehner.

(Applause.) And as we mark this occasion, we’re also mindful of the

empty chair in this chamber, and we pray for the health of our

colleague — and our friend — Gabby Giffords. (Applause.)

It’s no secret that those of us here tonight have had our differences

over the last two years. The debates have been contentious; we have

fought fiercely for our beliefs. And that’s a good thing. That’s

what a robust democracy demands. That’s what helps set us apart as a

nation.

But there’s a reason the tragedy in Tucson gave us pause. Amid all the

noise and passion and rancor of our public debate, Tucson reminded us

that no matter who we are or where we come from, each of us is a part

of something greater — something more consequential than party or

political preference.

We are part of the American family. We believe that in a country

where every race and faith and point of view can be found, we are

still bound together as one people; that we share common hopes and a

common creed; that the dreams of a little girl in Tucson are not so

different than those of our own children, and that they all deserve

the chance to be fulfilled.

That, too, is what sets us apart as a nation. (Applause.)

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AdvertisementNow, by itself, this simple recognition won’t usher in a new era of

cooperation. What comes of this moment is up to us. What comes of

this moment will be determined not by whether we can sit together

tonight, but whether we can work together tomorrow. (Applause.)

I believe we can. And I believe we must. That’s what the people who

sent us here expect of us. With their votes, they’ve determined that

governing will now be a shared responsibility between parties. New

laws will only pass with support from Democrats and Republicans. We

will move forward together, or not at all — for the challenges we

face are bigger than party, and bigger than politics.

At stake right now is not who wins the next election — after all, we

just had an election. At stake is whether new jobs and industries

take root in this country, or somewhere else. It’s whether the hard

work and industry of our people is rewarded. It’s whether we sustain

the leadership that has made America not just a place on a map, but

the light to the world.

We are poised for progress. Two years after the worst recession most

of us have ever known, the stock market has come roaring back.

Corporate profits are up. The economy is growing again.

But we have never measured progress by these yardsticks alone. We

measure progress by the success of our people. By the jobs they can

find and the quality of life those jobs offer. By the prospects of a

small business owner who dreams of turning a good idea into a thriving

enterprise. By the opportunities for a better life that we pass on to

our children.

That’s the project the American people want us to work on. Together.

(Applause.)

We did that in December. Thanks to the tax cuts we passed,

Americans’ paychecks are a little bigger today. Every business can

write off the full cost of new investments that they make this year.

And these steps, taken by Democrats and Republicans, will grow the

economy and add to the more than one million private sector jobs

created last year.

But we have to do more. These steps we’ve taken over the last two

years may have broken the back of this recession, but to win the

future, we’ll need to take on challenges that have been decades in the

making.

Many people watching tonight can probably remember a time when finding

a good job meant showing up at a nearby factory or a business

downtown. You didn’t always need a degree, and your competition was

pretty much limited to your neighbors. If you worked hard, chances

are you’d have a job for life, with a decent paycheck and good

benefits and the occasional promotion. Maybe you’d even have the

pride of seeing your kids work at the same company.

That world has changed. And for many, the change has been painful.

I’ve seen it in the shuttered windows of once booming factories, and

the vacant storefronts on once busy Main Streets. I’ve heard it in the

frustrations of Americans who’ve seen their paychecks dwindle or their

jobs disappear — proud men and women who feel like the rules have

been changed in the middle of the game.

They’re right. The rules have changed. In a single generation,

revolutions in technology have transformed the way we live, work and

do business. Steel mills that once needed 1,000 workers can now do

the same work with 100. Today, just about any company can set up

shop, hire workers, and sell their products wherever there’s an

Internet connection.

Meanwhile, nations like China and India realized that with some

changes of their own, they could compete in this new world. And so

they started educating their children earlier and longer, with greater

emphasis on math and science. They’re investing in research and new

technologies. Just recently, China became the home to the world’s

largest private solar research facility, and the world’s fastest

computer.

So, yes, the world has changed. The competition for jobs is real.

But this shouldn’t discourage us. It should challenge us. Remember —

for all the hits we’ve taken these last few years, for all the

naysayers predicting our decline, America still has the largest, most

prosperous economy in the world. (Applause.) No workers — no

workers are more productive than ours. No country has more successful

companies, or grants more patents to inventors and entrepreneurs.

We’re the home to the world’s best colleges and universities, where

more students come to study than any place on Earth.

What’s more, we are the first nation to be founded for the sake of an

idea — the idea that each of us deserves the chance to shape our own

destiny. That’s why centuries of pioneers and immigrants have risked

everything to come here. It’s why our students don’t just memorize

equations, but answer questions like “What do you think of that idea?

What would you change about the world? What do you want to be when

you grow up?”

The future is ours to win. But to get there, we can’t just stand

still. As Robert Kennedy told us, “The future is not a gift. It is

an achievement.” Sustaining the American Dream has never been about

standing pat. It has required each generation to sacrifice, and

struggle, and meet the demands of a new age.

And now it’s our turn. We know what it takes to compete for the

jobs and industries of our time. We need to out-innovate,

out-educate, and out-build the rest of the world. (Applause.) We

have to make America the best place on Earth to do business. We need

to take responsibility for our deficit and reform our government.

That’s how our people will prosper. That’s how we’ll win the future.

(Applause.) And tonight, I’d like to talk about how we get there.

The first step in winning the future is encouraging American

innovation. None of us can predict with certainty what the next big

industry will be or where the new jobs will come from. Thirty years

ago, we couldn’t know that something called the Internet would lead to

an economic revolution. What we can do — what America does better

than anyone else — is spark the creativity and imagination of our

people. We’re the nation that put cars in driveways and computers in

offices; the nation of Edison and the Wright brothers; of Google and

Facebook. In America, innovation doesn’t just change our lives. It

is how we make our living. (Applause.)

Our free enterprise system is what drives innovation. But because

it’s not always profitable for companies to invest in basic research,

throughout our history, our government has provided cutting-edge

scientists and inventors with the support that they need. That’s what

planted the seeds for the Internet. That’s what helped make possible

things like computer chips and GPS. Just think of all the good jobs

— from manufacturing to retail — that have come from these

breakthroughs.

Half a century ago, when the Soviets beat us into space with the

launch of a satellite called Sputnik, we had no idea how we would beat

them to the moon. The science wasn’t even there yet. NASA didn’t

exist. But after investing in better research and education, we

didn’t just surpass the Soviets; we unleashed a wave of innovation

that created new industries and millions of new jobs.

This is our generation’s Sputnik moment. Two years ago, I said that

we needed to reach a level of research and development we haven’t seen

since the height of the Space Race. And in a few weeks, I will be

sending a budget to Congress that helps us meet that goal. We’ll

invest in biomedical research, information technology, and especially

clean energy technology — (applause) — an investment that will

strengthen our security, protect our planet, and create countless new

jobs for our people.

Already, we’re seeing the promise of renewable energy. Robert and

Gary Allen are brothers who run a small Michigan roofing company.

After September 11th, they volunteered their best roofers to help

repair the Pentagon. But half of their factory went unused, and the

recession hit them hard. Today, with the help of a government loan,

that empty space is being used to manufacture solar shingles that are

being sold all across the country. In Robert’s words, “We reinvented

ourselves.”

That’s what Americans have done for over 200 years: reinvented

ourselves. And to spur on more success stories like the Allen

Brothers, we’ve begun to reinvent our energy policy. We’re not just

handing out money. We’re issuing a challenge. We’re telling

America’s scientists and engineers that if they assemble teams of the

best minds in their fields, and focus on the hardest problems in clean

energy, we’ll fund the Apollo projects of our time.

At the California Institute of Technology, they’re developing a way to

turn sunlight and water into fuel for our cars. At Oak Ridge National

Laboratory, they’re using supercomputers to get a lot more power out

of our nuclear facilities. With more research and incentives, we can

break our dependence on oil with biofuels, and become the first

country to have a million electric vehicles on the road by 2015.

(Applause.)

We need to get behind this innovation. And to help pay for it, I’m

asking Congress to eliminate the billions in taxpayer dollars we

currently give to oil companies. (Applause.) I don’t know if — I

don’t know if you’ve noticed, but they’re doing just fine on their

own. (Laughter.) So instead of subsidizing yesterday’s energy, let’s

invest in tomorrow’s.

Now, clean energy breakthroughs will only translate into clean energy

jobs if businesses know there will be a market for what they’re

selling. So tonight, I challenge you to join me in setting a new

goal: By 2035, 80 percent of America’s electricity will come from

clean energy sources. (Applause.)

Some folks want wind and solar. Others want nuclear, clean coal and

natural gas. To meet this goal, we will need them all — and I urge

Democrats and Republicans to work together to make it happen.

(Applause.)

Maintaining our leadership in research and technology is crucial to

America’s success. But if we want to win the future — if we want

innovation to produce jobs in America and not overseas — then we also

have to win the race to educate our kids.

Think about it. Over the next 10 years, nearly half of all new jobs

will require education that goes beyond a high school education. And

yet, as many as a quarter of our students aren’t even finishing high

school. The quality of our math and science education lags behind

many other nations. America has fallen to ninth in the proportion of

young people with a college degree. And so the question is whether

all of us — as citizens, and as parents — are willing to do what’s

necessary to give every child a chance to succeed.

That responsibility begins not in our classrooms, but in our homes and

communities. It’s family that first instills the love of learning in

a child. Only parents can make sure the TV is turned off and homework

gets done. We need to teach our kids that it’s not just the winner of

the Super Bowl who deserves to be celebrated, but the winner of the

science fair. (Applause.) We need to teach them that success is not

a function of fame or PR, but of hard work and discipline.

Our schools share this responsibility. When a child walks into a

classroom, it should be a place of high expectations and high

performance. But too many schools don’t meet this test. That’s why

instead of just pouring money into a system that’s not working, we

launched a competition called Race to the Top. To all 50 states, we

said, “If you show us the most innovative plans to improve teacher

quality and student achievement, we’ll show you the money.”

Race to the Top is the most meaningful reform of our public schools in

a generation. For less than 1 percent of what we spend on education

each year, it has led over 40 states to raise their standards for

teaching and learning. And these standards were developed, by the

way, not by Washington, but by Republican and Democratic governors

throughout the country. And Race to the Top should be the approach we

follow this year as we replace No Child Left Behind with a law that’s

more flexible and focused on what’s best for our kids. (Applause.)

You see, we know what’s possible from our children when reform isn’t

just a top-down mandate, but the work of local teachers and

principals, school boards and communities. Take a school like Bruce

Randolph in Denver. Three years ago, it was rated one of the worst

schools in Colorado — located on turf between two rival gangs. But

last May, 97 percent of the seniors received their diploma. Most will

be the first in their families to go to college. And after the first

year of the school’s transformation, the principal who made it

possible wiped away tears when a student said, “Thank you, Ms. Waters,

for showing that we are smart and we can make it.” (Applause.)

That’s what good schools can do, and we want good schools all across

the country.

Let’s also remember that after parents, the biggest impact on a

child’s success comes from the man or woman at the front of the

classroom. In South Korea, teachers are known as “nation builders.”

Here in America, it’s time we treated the people who educate our

children with the same level of respect. (Applause.) We want to

reward good teachers and stop making excuses for bad ones.

(Applause.) And over the next 10 years, with so many baby boomers

retiring from our classrooms, we want to prepare 100,000 new teachers

in the fields of science and technology and engineering and math.

(Applause.)

In fact, to every young person listening tonight who’s contemplating

their career choice: If you want to make a difference in the life of

our nation; if you want to make a difference in the life of a child —

become a teacher. Your country needs you. (Applause.)

Of course, the education race doesn’t end with a high school diploma.

To compete, higher education must be within the reach of every

American. (Applause.) That’s why we’ve ended the unwarranted

taxpayer subsidies that went to banks, and used the savings to make

college affordable for millions of students. (Applause.) And this

year, I ask Congress to go further, and make permanent our tuition tax

credit — worth $10,000 for four years of college. It’s the right

thing to do. (Applause.)

Because people need to be able to train for new jobs and careers in

today’s fast-changing economy, we’re also revitalizing America’s

community colleges. Last month, I saw the promise of these schools at

Forsyth Tech in North Carolina. Many of the students there used to

work in the surrounding factories that have since left town. One

mother of two, a woman named Kathy Proctor, had worked in the

furniture industry since she was 18 years old. And she told me she’s

earning her degree in biotechnology now, at 55 years old, not just

because the furniture jobs are gone, but because she wants to inspire

her children to pursue their dreams, too. As Kathy said, “I hope it

tells them to never give up.”

If we take these steps — if we raise expectations for every child,

and give them the best possible chance at an education, from the day

they are born until the last job they take — we will reach the goal

that I set two years ago: By the end of the decade, America will once

again have the highest proportion of college graduates in the world.

(Applause.)

One last point about education. Today, there are hundreds of

thousands of students excelling in our schools who are not American

citizens. Some are the children of undocumented workers, who had

nothing to do with the actions of their parents. They grew up as

Americans and pledge allegiance to our flag, and yet they live every

day with the threat of deportation. Others come here from abroad to

study in our colleges and universities. But as soon as they obtain

advanced degrees, we send them back home to compete against us. It

makes no sense.

Now, I strongly believe that we should take on, once and for all,

the issue of illegal immigration. And I am prepared to work with

Republicans and Democrats to protect our borders, enforce our laws and

address the millions of undocumented workers who are now living in the

shadows. (Applause.) I know that debate will be difficult. I know

it will take time. But tonight, let’s agree to make that effort. And

let’s stop expelling talented, responsible young people who could be

staffing our research labs or starting a new business, who could be

further enriching this nation. (Applause.)

The third step in winning the future is rebuilding America. To

attract new businesses to our shores, we need the fastest, most

reliable ways to move people, goods, and information — from

high-speed rail to high-speed Internet. (Applause.)

Our infrastructure used to be the best, but our lead has slipped.

South Korean homes now have greater Internet access than we do.

Countries in Europe and Russia invest more in their roads and railways

than we do. China is building faster trains and newer airports.

Meanwhile, when our own engineers graded our nation’s infrastructure,

they gave us a “D.”

We have to do better. America is the nation that built the

transcontinental railroad, brought electricity to rural communities,

constructed the Interstate Highway System. The jobs created by these

projects didn’t just come from laying down track or pavement. They

came from businesses that opened near a town’s new train station or

the new off-ramp.

So over the last two years, we’ve begun rebuilding for the 21st

century, a project that has meant thousands of good jobs for the

hard-hit construction industry. And tonight, I’m proposing that we

redouble those efforts. (Applause.)

We’ll put more Americans to work repairing crumbling roads and

bridges. We’ll make sure this is fully paid for, attract private

investment, and pick projects based [on] what’s best for the economy,

not politicians.

Within 25 years, our goal is to give 80 percent of Americans access to

high-speed rail. (Applause.) This could allow you to go places in

half the time it takes to travel by car. For some trips, it will be

faster than flying — without the pat-down. (Laughter and applause.)

As we speak, routes in California and the Midwest are already

underway.

Within the next five years, we’ll make it possible for businesses to

deploy the next generation of high-speed wireless coverage to 98

percent of all Americans. This isn’t just about — (applause) — this

isn’t about faster Internet or fewer dropped calls. It’s about

connecting every part of America to the digital age. It’s about a

rural community in Iowa or Alabama where farmers and small business

owners will be able to sell their products all over the world. It’s

about a firefighter who can download the design of a burning building

onto a handheld device; a student who can take classes with a digital

textbook; or a patient who can have face-to-face video chats with her

doctor.

All these investments — in innovation, education, and infrastructure

— will make America a better place to do business and create jobs.

But to help our companies compete, we also have to knock down barriers

that stand in the way of their success.

For example, over the years, a parade of lobbyists has rigged the tax

code to benefit particular companies and industries. Those with

accountants or lawyers to work the system can end up paying no taxes

at all. But all the rest are hit with one of the highest corporate

tax rates in the world. It makes no sense, and it has to change.

(Applause.)

So tonight, I’m asking Democrats and Republicans to simplify the

system. Get rid of the loopholes. Level the playing field. And use

the savings to lower the corporate tax rate for the first time in 25

years — without adding to our deficit. It can be done. (Applause.)

To help businesses sell more products abroad, we set a goal of

doubling our exports by 2014 — because the more we export, the more

jobs we create here at home. Already, our exports are up. Recently,

we signed agreements with India and China that will support more than

250,000 jobs here in the United States. And last month, we finalized

a trade agreement with South Korea that will support at least 70,000

American jobs. This agreement has unprecedented support from business

and labor, Democrats and Republicans — and I ask this Congress to

pass it as soon as possible. (Applause.)

Now, before I took office, I made it clear that we would enforce our

trade agreements, and that I would only sign deals that keep faith

with American workers and promote American jobs. That’s what we did

with Korea, and that’s what I intend to do as we pursue agreements

with Panama and Colombia and continue our Asia Pacific and global

trade talks. (Applause.)

To reduce barriers to growth and investment, I’ve ordered a review of

government regulations. When we find rules that put an unnecessary

burden on businesses, we will fix them. (Applause.) But I will not

hesitate to create or enforce common-sense safeguards to protect the

American people. (Applause.) That’s what we’ve done in this country

for more than a century. It’s why our food is safe to eat, our water

is safe to drink, and our air is safe to breathe. It’s why we have

speed limits and child labor laws. It’s why last year, we put in

place consumer protections against hidden fees and penalties by credit

card companies and new rules to prevent another financial crisis.

(Applause.) And it’s why we passed reform that finally prevents the

health insurance industry from exploiting patients. (Applause.)

Now, I have heard rumors that a few of you still have concerns about

our new health care law. (Laughter.) So let me be the first to say

that anything can be improved. If you have ideas about how to improve

this law by making care better or more affordable, I am eager to work

with you. We can start right now by correcting a flaw in the

legislation that has placed an unnecessary bookkeeping burden on small

businesses. (Applause.)

What I’m not willing to do — what I’m not willing to do is go back to

the days when insurance companies could deny someone coverage because

of a preexisting condition. (Applause.)

I’m not willing to tell James Howard, a brain cancer patient from

Texas, that his treatment might not be covered. I’m not willing to

tell Jim Houser, a small business man from Oregon, that he has to go

back to paying $5,000 more to cover his employees. As we speak, this

law is making prescription drugs cheaper for seniors and giving

uninsured students a chance to stay on their patients’ — parents’

coverage. (Applause.)

So I say to this chamber tonight, instead of re-fighting the battles

of the last two years, let’s fix what needs fixing and let’s move

forward. (Applause.)

Now, the final critical step in winning the future is to make sure we

aren’t buried under a mountain of debt.

We are living with a legacy of deficit spending that began almost a

decade ago. And in the wake of the financial crisis, some of that was

necessary to keep credit flowing, save jobs, and put money in people’s

pockets.

But now that the worst of the recession is over, we have to confront

the fact that our government spends more than it takes in. That is

not sustainable. Every day, families sacrifice to live within their

means. They deserve a government that does the same.

So tonight, I am proposing that starting this year, we freeze annual

domestic spending for the next five years. (Applause.) Now, this

would reduce the deficit by more than $400 billion over the next

decade, and will bring discretionary spending to the lowest share of

our economy since Dwight Eisenhower was President.

This freeze will require painful cuts. Already, we’ve frozen the

salaries of hardworking federal employees for the next two years.

I’ve proposed cuts to things I care deeply about, like community

action programs. The Secretary of Defense has also agreed to cut tens

of billions of dollars in spending that he and his generals believe

our military can do without. (Applause.)

I recognize that some in this chamber have already proposed deeper

cuts, and I’m willing to eliminate whatever we can honestly afford to

do without. But let’s make sure that we’re not doing it on the backs

of our most vulnerable citizens. (Applause.) And let’s make sure

that what we’re cutting is really excess weight. Cutting the deficit

by gutting our investments in innovation and education is like

lightening an overloaded airplane by removing its engine. It may make

you feel like you’re flying high at first, but it won’t take long

before you feel the impact. (Laughter.)

Now, most of the cuts and savings I’ve proposed only address annual

domestic spending, which represents a little more than 12 percent of

our budget. To make further progress, we have to stop pretending that

cutting this kind of spending alone will be enough. It won’t.

(Applause.)

The bipartisan fiscal commission I created last year made this crystal

clear. I don’t agree with all their proposals, but they made

important progress. And their conclusion is that the only way to

tackle our deficit is to cut excessive spending wherever we find it —

in domestic spending, defense spending, health care spending, and

spending through tax breaks and loopholes. (Applause.)

This means further reducing health care costs, including programs

like Medicare and Medicaid, which are the single biggest contributor

to our long-term deficit. The health insurance law we passed last

year will slow these rising costs, which is part of the reason that

nonpartisan economists have said that repealing the health care law

would add a quarter of a trillion dollars to our deficit. Still, I’m

willing to look at other ideas to bring down costs, including one that

Republicans suggested last year — medical malpractice reform to rein

in frivolous lawsuits. (Applause.)

To put us on solid ground, we should also find a bipartisan solution

to strengthen Social Security for future generations. (Applause.) We

must do it without putting at risk current retirees, the most

vulnerable, or people with disabilities; without slashing benefits for

future generations; and without subjecting Americans’ guaranteed

retirement income to the whims of the stock market. (Applause.)

And if we truly care about our deficit, we simply can’t afford a

permanent extension of the tax cuts for the wealthiest 2 percent of

Americans. (Applause.) Before we take money away from our schools or

scholarships away from our students, we should ask millionaires to

give up their tax break. It’s not a matter of punishing their

success. It’s about promoting America’s success. (Applause.)

In fact, the best thing we could do on taxes for all Americans is to

simplify the individual tax code. (Applause.) This will be a tough

job, but members of both parties have expressed an interest in doing

this, and I am prepared to join them. (Applause.)

So now is the time to act. Now is the time for both sides and both

houses of Congress — Democrats and Republicans — to forge a

principled compromise that gets the job done. If we make the hard

choices now to rein in our deficits, we can make the investments we

need to win the future.

Let me take this one step further. We shouldn’t just give our people

a government that’s more affordable. We should give them a government

that’s more competent and more efficient. We can’t win the future

with a government of the past. (Applause.)

We live and do business in the Information Age, but the last major

reorganization of the government happened in the age of

black-and-white TV. There are 12 different agencies that deal with

exports. There are at least five different agencies that deal with

housing policy. Then there’s my favorite example: The Interior

Department is in charge of salmon while they’re in fresh water, but

the Commerce Department handles them when they’re in saltwater.

(Laughter.) I hear it gets even more complicated once they’re smoked.

(Laughter and applause.)

Now, we’ve made great strides over the last two years in using

technology and getting rid of waste. Veterans can now download their

electronic medical records with a click of the mouse. We’re selling

acres of federal office space that hasn’t been used in years, and

we’ll cut through red tape to get rid of more. But we need to think

bigger. In the coming months, my administration will develop a

proposal to merge, consolidate, and reorganize the federal government

in a way that best serves the goal of a more competitive America. I

will submit that proposal to Congress for a vote — and we will push

to get it passed. (Applause.)

In the coming year, we’ll also work to rebuild people’s faith in the

institution of government. Because you deserve to know exactly how

and where your tax dollars are being spent, you’ll be able to go to a

website and get that information for the very first time in history.

Because you deserve to know when your elected officials are meeting

with lobbyists, I ask Congress to do what the White House has already

done — put that information online. And because the American people

deserve to know that special interests aren’t larding up legislation

with pet projects, both parties in Congress should know this: If a

bill comes to my desk with earmarks inside, I will veto it. I will

veto it. (Applause.)

The 21st century government that’s open and competent. A

government that lives within its means. An economy that’s driven by

new skills and new ideas. Our success in this new and changing world

will require reform, responsibility, and innovation. It will also

require us to approach that world with a new level of engagement in

our foreign affairs.

Just as jobs and businesses can now race across borders, so can new

threats and new challenges. No single wall separates East and West.

No one rival superpower is aligned against us.

And so we must defeat determined enemies, wherever they are, and build

coalitions that cut across lines of region and race and religion. And

America’s moral example must always shine for all who yearn for

freedom and justice and dignity. And because we’ve begun this work,

tonight we can say that American leadership has been renewed and

America’s standing has been restored.

Look to Iraq, where nearly 100,000 of our brave men and women have

left with their heads held high. (Applause.) American combat patrols

have ended, violence is down, and a new government has been formed.

This year, our civilians will forge a lasting partnership with the

Iraqi people, while we finish the job of bringing our troops out of

Iraq. America’s commitment has been kept. The Iraq war is coming to

an end. (Applause.)

Of course, as we speak, al Qaeda and their affiliates continue to plan

attacks against us. Thanks to our intelligence and law enforcement

professionals, we’re disrupting plots and securing our cities and

skies. And as extremists try to inspire acts of violence within our

borders, we are responding with the strength of our communities, with

respect for the rule of law, and with the conviction that American

Muslims are a part of our American family. (Applause.)

We’ve also taken the fight to al Qaeda and their allies abroad. In

Afghanistan, our troops have taken Taliban strongholds and trained

Afghan security forces. Our purpose is clear: By preventing the

Taliban from reestablishing a stranglehold over the Afghan people, we

will deny al Qaeda the safe haven that served as a launching pad for

9/11.

Thanks to our heroic troops and civilians, fewer Afghans are under the

control of the insurgency. There will be tough fighting ahead, and

the Afghan government will need to deliver better governance. But we

are strengthening the capacity of the Afghan people and building an

enduring partnership with them. This year, we will work with nearly

50 countries to begin a transition to an Afghan lead. And this July,

we will begin to bring our troops home. (Applause.)

In Pakistan, al Qaeda’s leadership is under more pressure than at any

point since 2001. Their leaders and operatives are being removed from

the battlefield. Their safe havens are shrinking. And we’ve sent a

message from the Afghan border to the Arabian Peninsula to all parts

of the globe: We will not relent, we will not waver, and we will

defeat you. (Applause.)

American leadership can also be seen in the effort to secure the worst

weapons of war. Because Republicans and Democrats approved the New

START treaty, far fewer nuclear weapons and launchers will be

deployed. Because we rallied the world, nuclear materials are being

locked down on every continent so they never fall into the hands of

terrorists. (Applause.)

Because of a diplomatic effort to insist that Iran meet its

obligations, the Iranian government now faces tougher sanctions,

tighter sanctions than ever before. And on the Korean Peninsula, we

stand with our ally South Korea, and insist that North Korea keeps its

commitment to abandon nuclear weapons. (Applause.)

This is just a part of how we’re shaping a world that favors peace and

prosperity. With our European allies, we revitalized NATO and

increased our cooperation on everything from counterterrorism to

missile defense. We’ve reset our relationship with Russia,

strengthened Asian alliances, built new partnerships with nations like

India.

This March, I will travel to Brazil, Chile, and El Salvador to forge

new alliances across the Americas. Around the globe, we’re standing

with those who take responsibility — helping farmers grow more food,

supporting doctors who care for the sick, and combating the corruption

that can rot a society and rob people of opportunity.

Recent events have shown us that what sets us apart must not just be

our power — it must also be the purpose behind it. In south Sudan —

with our assistance — the people were finally able to vote for

independence after years of war. (Applause.) Thousands lined up

before dawn. People danced in the streets. One man who lost four of

his brothers at war summed up the scene around him: “This was a

battlefield for most of my life,” he said. “Now we want to be free.”

(Applause.)

And we saw that same desire to be free in Tunisia, where the will of

the people proved more powerful than the writ of a dictator. And

tonight, let us be clear: The United States of America stands with

the people of Tunisia, and supports the democratic aspirations of all

people. (Applause.)

We must never forget that the things we’ve struggled for, and fought

for, live in the hearts of people everywhere. And we must always

remember that the Americans who have borne the greatest burden in this

struggle are the men and women who serve our country. (Applause.)

Tonight, let us speak with one voice in reaffirming that our nation is

united in support of our troops and their families. Let us serve them

as well as they’ve served us — by giving them the equipment they

need, by providing them with the care and benefits that they have

earned, and by enlisting our veterans in the great task of building

our own nation.

Our troops come from every corner of this country — they’re black,

white, Latino, Asian, Native American. They are Christian and Hindu,

Jewish and Muslim. And, yes, we know that some of them are gay.

Starting this year, no American will be forbidden from serving the

country they love because of who they love. (Applause.) And with

that change, I call on all our college campuses to open their doors to

our military recruiters and ROTC. It is time to leave behind the

divisive battles of the past. It is time to move forward as one

nation. (Applause.)

We should have no illusions about the work ahead of us. Reforming our

schools, changing the way we use energy, reducing our deficit — none

of this will be easy. All of it will take time. And it will be

harder because we will argue about everything. The costs. The

details. The letter of every law.

Of course, some countries don’t have this problem. If the central

government wants a railroad, they build a railroad, no matter how many

homes get bulldozed. If they don’t want a bad story in the newspaper,

it doesn’t get written.

And yet, as contentious and frustrating and messy as our democracy can

sometimes be, I know there isn’t a person here who would trade places

with any other nation on Earth. (Applause.)

We may have differences in policy, but we all believe in the rights

enshrined in our Constitution. We may have different opinions, but we

believe in the same promise that says this is a place where you can

make it if you try. We may have different backgrounds, but we believe

in the same dream that says this is a country where anything is

possible. No matter who you are. No matter where you come from.

That dream is why I can stand here before you tonight. That dream is

why a working-class kid from Scranton can sit behind me. (Laughter

and applause.) That dream is why someone who began by sweeping the

floors of his father’s Cincinnati bar can preside as Speaker of the

House in the greatest nation on Earth. (Applause.)

That dream — that American Dream — is what drove the Allen

Brothers to reinvent their roofing company for a new era. It’s what

drove those students at Forsyth Tech to learn a new skill and work

towards the future. And that dream is the story of a small business

owner named Brandon Fisher.

Brandon started a company in Berlin, Pennsylvania, that specializes in

a new kind of drilling technology. And one day last summer, he saw

the news that halfway across the world, 33 men were trapped in a

Chilean mine, and no one knew how to save them.

But Brandon thought his company could help. And so he designed a

rescue that would come to be known as Plan B. His employees worked

around the clock to manufacture the necessary drilling equipment. And

Brandon left for Chile.

Along with others, he began drilling a 2,000-foot hole into the

ground, working three- or four-hour — three or four days at a time

without any sleep. Thirty-seven days later, Plan B succeeded, and the

miners were rescued. (Applause.) But because he didn’t want all of

the attention, Brandon wasn’t there when the miners emerged. He’d

already gone back home, back to work on his next project.

And later, one of his employees said of the rescue, “We proved that

Center Rock is a little company, but we do big things.” (Applause.)

We do big things.

From the earliest days of our founding, America has been the story of

ordinary people who dare to dream. That’s how we win the future.

We’re a nation that says, “I might not have a lot of money, but I have

this great idea for a new company.” “I might not come from a family

of college graduates, but I will be the first to get my degree.” “I

might not know those people in trouble, but I think I can help them,

and I need to try.” “I’m not sure how we’ll reach that better place

beyond the horizon, but I know we’ll get there. I know we will.”

We do big things. (Applause.)

The idea of America endures. Our destiny remains our choice. And

tonight, more than two centuries later, it’s because of our people

that our future is hopeful, our journey goes forward, and the state of

our union is strong.

Thank you. God bless you, and may God bless the United States of

America. (Applause.)